Honoured friends and relatives,
As Chief of Musqueam Indian Band, I welcome the Community and Regional Planning students that have come to the University of British Columbia, located on the traditional, unceded lands of hən̓q̓əmin̓əm̓ speaking Musqueam people.
Through a strong partnership, the SCARP program incorporates Musqueam’s award-winning Comprehensive Community Plan (CCP): nə́c̓aʔmat tə šxʷqʷeləwən ct (We are of One Heart and Mind). First created in 2011 and updated in 2018, we are working hard to implement the Musqueam CCP recommendations and realize our community vision.
Whether you are new to this territory or have lived here for many years, on behalf of Musqueam, I hope you enjoy your time learning and living in Vancouver.
Thank you all, hay ce:p q̓ə
Chief Wayne Sparrow
The Indigenous Community Planning (ICP) Program is a concentration within the dual-accredited MCRP program, and has been designated a noteworthy practice by the Planning Accreditation Board (PAB).
Overview of ICP
Indigenous peoples everywhere have been stewards of their lands and resources, planned their communities, and passed on teachings since time immemorial. The Musqueam people revitalized this tradition in 2011 by creating a Comprehensive Community Plan (CCP). In February 2013, Musqueam’s CCP was recognized by and included on UN Habitat’s website as a Best Practice plan for sustainable community development.
SCARP is honoured to be in a teaching and learning partnership with the Musqueam Indian Band in the design and delivery of the ICP concentration. This concentration attracts both Indigenous and non-Indigenous students, from a range of academic and professional backgrounds, who want to work with Indigenous communities. Ten committed students are accepted each year to enter into this concentration.
ICP was a Public Sector finalist in 2016's Land Awards
ICP video commissioned by the Real Estate Foundation of BC
Our intent is to train a new generation of community planners who will break with the colonial legacy and culture of planning in order to work in respectful partnership with Indigenous communities.
We seek to equip emerging community planners with the necessary theory, skills, knowledge, and capacity to support Indigenous communities in achieving their own aspirations for land stewardship, cultural revitalization, strong governance, health and well-being.
Our approach is grounded in community and land-based learning, emphasizes mutual and transformative learning, and integrates these principles with grounding in Indigenous worldviews (ways of being, knowing, and doing).
Our scope is Canada-wide, but focuses on practical learning with/in First Nations communities in BC, where historical legacies as well as current political, economic and demographic realities present numerous complex issues, including governance, resource management, land use, health, education and employment.
ICP Concentration Design
Students in ICP complete a modified set of general MCRP requirements plus a set of ICP-specific requirements. Foremost, this includes undergoing a Practicum (instead of the Planning Studio) which partners pairs of students with an Indigenous community for eight or more months to work on a planning project (typically a comprehensive community plan).
ICP students complete the program requirements over two academic years and six academic terms.
Throughout the ICP core curriculum and practicum, students will explore:
- The meaning and significance of Indigenous planning as a re-emerging theory of action among Indigenous community planners, civic leaders, and professionals
- Values underpinning Indigenous approaches to community development
- How an Indigenous planning paradigm challenges existing planning practice in Canada
- How mainstream planning needs to adapt to achieve recognition of and justice for Indigenous peoples
- Challenges faced by First Nations in BC when implementing projects in their communities
- The impacts of surrounding jurisdictions (municipal, provincial and federal) on Indigenous planning
- The impacts of First Nations community development (social and economic) on surrounding jurisdictions
- Knowledge and skills needed for working with/in an Indigenous community
- Concepts, praxis, methodology, and ethical/cultural considerations regarding decolonizing planning
- The role of non-Indigenous planners in Indigenous community planning and development
Required Courses (as of 2022/2023 academic year)
|Comparative Perspectives on Planning History and Futures
|Reconciliation and Planning
|Sustainability and Resilience in Planning
|Urban Design and Visual Representation
|Planning Theory, Values, and Ethics
|Information and Analysis in Planning
|Engagement and Facilitation for Planners
|The Legal and Institutional Context of Planning
|Urban Economics, Infrastructure, and Real Estate Issues in Planning
|Making and Implementing Community and Regional Plans
|Indigenous Planning: Ways of Being, Knowing, and Doing
|Indigenous Law, Governance, and Community Planning
|Planning for Community Economic Development
|Indigenous Community Planning Practicum
|TOTAL CREDITS (not including elective requirements):
|ELECTIVE COURSES (no more than 6 credits may be at the undergraduate level, i.e., 300/400):
Electives (as of 2022/2023 academic year)
Electives can be courses within SCARP or in other departments that relate to the student’s interests. No more than 6 credits of undergraduate-level (300-400) courses will count towards your MCRP program.
Some recommended electives outside of SCARP
- Some courses will need to contact the course instructor and/or department offering the course for permission to be registered
- Course offering and availability are subject to change by the School offering the course.
Courses can be taken at other universities through the Western Deans' agreement.
|Key Indicators of Agroecosystem Sustainability
|Topics in Policy Analysis
|Real Estate Markets
|Pedestrian and Bicycle Facility Design
|Social Science Research Methods and Design for Natural Resource Management
|Traditional Ecological Knowledge in the Fisheries Management - Current Topics in Fisheries
|Economic Foundations oof Environmental Policies
|Indigenous Theory and Method(ologies)
|Social, Community, and Indigenous Forestry
|Landscape Planning for Sustainability
|International Migration and Settlement
|Environmental Law and Policy Frameworks
|Policy Dimensions of Energy Systems
|Sustainable Water Systems
|Economic Foundations of Environmental Policies
|Behavioural Foundations for Public Policy
|Public Engagement in Policy Decisions
|Policy Responses to Global Climate Change
|Designed Leadership for Change
|Lind Initiative Seminar
|Special Topics in Public Policy
|Power and Practice
|Critical Racial and Anti-Colonial Feminist Approaches
|Difficult Knowledge: Ethics and Pracis of Research in Challenging Settings
|Green Network Planning
|AutoCAD Workflow for Landscape Architecture Construction
|Climate Change: Science, Technology, and Sustainable Development
|Sociology of Food
|Urban Watershed Management
|Water in International Development
|Communities, Social Development, and Community Organizing
|Risk and Communication in Public Health
|Urban Design as Public Policy: Policymaking for a Sustainable Region
|Biodiversity in Urban Areas
|Urban Systems and Society
|Urban Systems Planning and Analysis
|Infrastructure Asset Management
|Indigenous People and Co-Management
|Indigenous Governance and Resource Relationships
Course Structure (as of 2022/2023 academic year)
|Year 1 Term 1
|Year 1 Term 2
|Year 1 Summer
|Year 2 Term 1
|Year 2 Term 2
|Year 2 Summer
The People of ICP
Graduates from the ICP concentration work for Indigenous nations, at local municipal planning departments, provincial and federal agencies, consulting firms, and non-profit organizations. Graduates from the ICP concentration have found work within a range of communities and organizations including but not limited to:
- Beringia Community Planning Inc.
- Castlemain Group
- City of Edmonton
- City of Vancouver
- City of Victoria
- Department of Fisheries and Oceans
- EcoPlan International
- First Nations Health Authority
- First Nations Land Management Resource Centre
- Hupacasath First Nation
- Indigenous Services Canada
- Kwikwetlem First Nation
- Musqueam Indian Band
- Nishnawbe Aski Development Fund
- Ontario Trillium Foundation
- Province of British Columbia
- Sahtu Land Use Planning Board
- Squamish Nation
- Sumas First Nation
- Taku River Tlingit First Nation
- The Firelight Group
- Toquaht Nation
- Tsleil Waututh Nation
- University of British Columbia
- University of Calgary
- Urban Native Youth Association
- Vancouver Coastal Health
ICP Faculty Team
|Leona Sparrow is the Director of the Treaty, Lands and Resources Department at Musqueam Indian Band. Leona provides invaluable teaching and direction to all aspects of the ICP program.
Professor and Co-Chair
|Leonie Sandercock worked in partnership with the Musqueam Nation to design and deliver the ICP curriculum and establish the financial support for the ICP program, which she chaired from 2012-20, and later co-chaired with Dr. Maggie Low. ICP will always be what it is in part due to Professor Sandercock's wisdom, heart, and vision.
Assistant Professor and Co-Chair
|Maggie Low is a community engaged scholar and Indigenous planner who has worked with First Nations and Indigenous organizations across Canada. She joined SCARP in 2019 and now co-chairs ICP
|Jessie Hemphill is an Indigenous Planner with over 10 years of professional planning and facilitation experience with Indigenous communities across Canada. She is a partner at Alderhill Planning, an Indigenous consultancy, and joined SCARP in 2019 as the ICP Practicum Instructor and as a practicum supervisor.
|Shauna Johnson is an ICP grad and a member of the Ts’awout First Nation, now working with WASANEC. She is a practicum supervisor.
|Scott Graham is Associate Director and Director of Research with the Social Planning & Research Council of BC and has worked extensively with BC First Nations. Scott is a Practicum supervisor.
|Crystal Reeves is a lawyer and Associate with Mandel Pinder LLP and teaches the Indigenous Law, Governance, and Community Planning core course for ICP.
|Will Trousdale is the Principal and founder of EcoPlan International, an award-winning Vancouver-based consultancy. Will teaches the Strategic Planning for Sustainable Community Economic Development core course for ICP.
More ICP Infosources:
Some more words about ICP
“The Indigenous Community Planning program (MCRP-ICP) is the leading example of its kind in Canada, and perhaps North America. Given the extraordinary circumstances of Indigenous land claims in British Columbia, this program is a vital offering for the Faculty, University and Province to meet their Reconciliation obligations and new responsibilities stemming from the adoption of the UNDRIP. SCARP and the collaborating First Nations should be commended for the long and difficult work to establish the partnerships required to deliver this important program.”
-Planning Standards Board representatives during their 2022 accreditation of MCRP program