|Title||Vietnam's urban edge: the administration of urban development in Hanoi|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Journal||Third World Planning Review|
Hanoi's urbanisation reflects a contradiction in urban planning: the formal approach depends on controls, yet the city's development progresses with little regard for them. The city's administration is at once structured and ambiguous. It can be used for social control, but can also be flexible in its application of rules. Most attempts at planned urban construction are thus undermined; hence, Hanoi's only possible planned development lies with the foreign-funded megaproject. The formal rules are oriented towards Vietnam's engagement with the global economy, while local governance fosters the city's burgeoning informal development. This paper examines the interaction of these two tendencies.