A tale of two villages: globalization and peri-urban change in China and Vietnam

TitleA tale of two villages: globalization and peri-urban change in China and Vietnam
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsLeaf, M
JournalCities
Volume19
Pagination23–31
Abstract

The effects of globalization on cities are complex, multifaceted and geographically diverse. As a result of national policy changes over the past two decades, the urban impacts of increasing global connectivity in China and Vietnam have been sudden and swift, in contrast to the more gradually formed transborder linkages of cities elsewhere in Asia. In each country, the shift to a market economy, opening up to outside investment, and the subsequent acceleration of economic change have prompted the rapid expansion of urban spatial economies. As one means of examining the implications of these changes, this paper looks at the evolving situation in two peri-urban villages now undergoing urbanization and integration, one on the edge of Quanzhou, Fujian, China, the other on the periphery of Hanoi, Vietnam. In each instance, it is seen that local spatial transformations are generated by fundamental economic and social changes, and that the influences of globalized processes in these settings are felt primarily through diffuse, opportunistic, and indirect channels. The one example of a large foreign-funded project, in the Hanoi case, indicates the need to emphasize local level administrative reforms in the interest of improved governance in contexts such as these.