|Title||Neighborhood environment profiles for physical activity among older adults|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Adams, MA, Sallis, JF, Conway, TL, Frank, LD, Saelens, BE, Kerr, J, Cain, KL, King, AC|
|Journal||American journal of health behavior|
|Keywords||Built environment, exercise, FINITE MIXTURE MODELING, Obesity, Policy|
Objectives: To explore among older adults whether multivariate neighborhood profiles were associated with physical activity (PA) and BMI. Methods: Adults (66-97 years) were recruited from Baltimore-Washington, DC (n=360), and Seattle-King County, Washington (n=368), regions. Latent profile analyses were conducted using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale. ANCOVA models tested for criterion validity of profiles by examining relationships to PA and BMI. Results: Neighborhood profiles differed significantly by as much as 10 minutes/day for moderate-to-vigorous PA, 1.1 hours/week for walking for errands, and almost 50 minutes/week for leisure PA. Conclusions: Environmental variables resulted in meaningful neighborhood patterns that explained large differences in seniors' health outcomes.